Format policies

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Main Page > Documentation > Format-specific preservation issues

Normalization is one preservation strategy that can be implemented using Archivematica.

Archivematica uses the National Archives of Australia's Xena (XML Electronic Normalising for Archives) software to convert certain file formats to xml-based formats on ingest.

A full list of the file types Xena can normalize is available at

However, some formats cannot be normalized by Xena. Also, it may be desirable to adopt format-specific preservation plans for certain types of files based on institutional requirements and preferences.

Follow the links below for further discussion of these issues for each file format.

Format Also known as File extension(s) Normalization tool
Adobe Extensible Metadata Platform
  • Adobe XMP
.xmp not supported
Adobe Illustrator drawing Adobe AI .ai
Microsoft Excel Workbook
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Binary Interchange File Format (BIFF)
.xls Xena
Microsoft Office Word MS-WORD .doc Xena
Nikon Electronic Format
  • Nikon Image Format
  • Nikon Digital SLR Camera Raw Image File
Portable Document Format .pdf Xena
Portable Network Graphics .png Xena
Rich Text Format .rtf Xena
Scalable Vector Graphics .svg Xena
Tagged Image File Format .tiff, .tif Xena