Format policies

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Main Page > Documentation > Format-specific preservation plans

Format-specific preservation planning for Archivematica is based on analyses of the Significant properties of the format.

Normalization is one preservation strategy that can be implemented using Archivematica. Archivematica uses the National Archives of Australia's Xena (XML Electronic Normalising for Archives) software to convert certain file formats to xml-based formats on ingest. A full list of the file types Xena can normalize is available at

However, some formats cannot be normalized by Xena. Also, it may be desirable to adopt format-specific preservation plans for certain types of files based on institutional requirements and preferences.

Follow the links below for further discussion of these issues for each file format.

Format Also known as File extension(s) Normalization tool
Adobe Extensible Metadata Platform Adobe XMP .xmp
Adobe Illustrator drawing Adobe AI .ai
Advanced Stream Redirector file Microsoft ASX Playlist .asx
Batch file
  • MS-DOS batch file
  • MS-Windows batch file
Microsoft Windows Bitmap Image file .bmp Xena
Cascading Stylesheet .css Xena
Comma Separated Values file .csv Xena
Command Source Code .cmd
Document type definition .dtd
Encapsulated PostScript .eps
Extensible Markup Language .xml Xena
Extensible Stylesheet Language .xsl
GNU zip file GZIP file .gz Xena
Graphics Interchange Format GIF .gif Xena
Hypertext Markup Language
  • .html
  • .htm
Microsoft Icon file .ico
JavaScript file
  • JavaScript programming files
  • JScript files
.js Xena
Java archive file .jar Xena
Joint Photographic Experts Group JPEG .jpg Xena
Microsoft Excel Workbook
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Binary Interchange File Format (BIFF)
.xls Xena
Microsoft Office Word MS-WORD .doc Xena
Moving Picture Experts Group file MPEG .mpg
Nikon Electronic Format
  • Nikon Image Format
  • Nikon Digital SLR Camera Raw Image File
Perl script .pl
Portable Document Format .pdf Xena
Portable Network Graphics .png Xena
Python script file .py
Quicktime (video)
  • MOV
  • QT
Real Media Metafile .ram
Rich Text Format .rtf Xena
Scalable Vector Graphics .svg Xena
Shockwave Flash file .swf
SQL code .sql Xena
Tagged Image File Format .tiff, .tif Xena
Windows Media Player file .wmv
Visual Basic Scripting file
  • C Source Code
  • Microsoft Active Scripting language
  • VBScript
.vbs Xena
ZIP file Zip archive file .zip Xena